Sunday, August 21, 2016

Great Northen War, Norweigan Artillery and more buildings

Time to introduce the Norweigan artillery. In the comming gaming campaign Trondheim 1718 the Norweigans needs a number of fortified artillery redoubts. The redoubts are stil in the works, but the artillery is ready.....well some of it at least.
This artillery piece is manned by a crew from the National Norweigan artillery. In 1718 the Norweigan artillery had red coats and purple cuffs(at least according to my main source: "Notes about the Norweigan army 1700-1720" by Daniel A Schorr). The miniatures are from Ebor miniatures and their 28mm WSS range.
The unit above is an artillery crew from the Trondheim artillery company. Most probably this was a unit that manned the fortifications around city of Trondheim itself. The uniform has almost reversed colours compared with the National artillery units. The uniform also comes awfully close to some worn by Swedish units in the same theatre of operations. The miniatures are from Reiver Castings.
A "Hebre" - Scandinavian storage barn. The idea behind placing a barn on stilts is to keep roaming wildlife away from whatever is stored inside. The model is originally a souvenir piece that I repainted and added some minor details to it. The moose head was made from small pice of balsa wood. The platform in front of the door was reworked as well as the door. Finally I mounted the model on a piece of foam core, repainted it and added some  snow flock from Game Workshop.


This cottage is scratch built. The design is a bit different than the last cottage I built. This one is not timbered. It is still typical for region and the period. There are still such cottages standing in parts of Scandinavia, although nowadays often painted red with white frames. The red painted cottages are typical for Scandinavia, but not very common until the mid 18th century, thus the grey colour scheme.

Sunday, August 14, 2016

The Great Northen War, How to build a timbered cottage



I have completed a few more buildings for my Trondheim project. The basic idea is to create buildings that will fit into a snowy Scandinavian enviroment. All buildings are built for 28mm miniatures. The basic design is of a generic Nordic kind. The same type of buildings can be found all over Scandinavia, especially the mid/Northen part of this region. The only exception is Denmark and the southermost part of Sweden(Scania), since those areas lacked suffcient sources of timber. One can also see similair wooden structures in parts of Russia and North America. My project has a focus on historical events that took place around 1718, but the same terrain pieces can be used for earlier as well as later periods.  In this blog entry I will show off the first building of this new batch.

Here is a step by step description on how I built the timbered cottage you can see above.....




The first step....

First a made a base on which to start to start making the basic structure. The base was made out of foam core. The timber was cut and placed in a similair fashion as when building a full sized timber building. The main challenge is to place the groves on the individual timber logs. There has to be certain degree of precision, otherwise the whole structure will become scewed.  I began using sticks made out hard pine wood. This was a mistake. Cutting the groves proved to be a rather arduous task. The solution was to use soft balsa wood. My building is built out of balsa and pine wood, though do recommend you all to use balsa wood, unless you own a Dremel tool or something similar. 


Cutting the individual pieces of timber is quite important. This was the trickiest part of this project. Use soft wood like balsa wood to create the timber.




The underlying roof structure was made out of wooden spatulas.

The Windows and the door was made out of balsa wood and plastic bases found in a
box of Warlord plastic miniatures.

The chimney was made out of foam core. It was covered by tissue paper and model railway gravel.

An old bath towel serves a new purpose...

The first layer of black coat. It is very important that every spot on the basic structure is covered by black base coat. If not then the unpainted spots will shine through. The next layer will be dry brushed green. Finally three shades of grey will be added. The cottage is now ready for summer use. However this is supposed to be a piece in a winter scenery. A layer of dry brushed white and snow flock will be added last.








Wednesday, August 3, 2016

Playtest - Tercio

A little while ago, a few of the club members got together to test a new set of rules for the 30 Years War period called Tercio.
We used the figures we've all painted for our ongoing Swedish-Polish War Campaign using the upcoming Pikeman's Lament rules.
While Pikeman's Lament is a skirmish game, Tercio is intended to depict large scale actions. The Tercio rules assume that the figures are on multi-fig bases, and our existing figures are mostly on single bases or based in twos and threes. But in practice this is not really a problem as long as the centre points of the units are readily identifiable. Tercio is originally written in Spanish, but we used the English version of it.
The armies in Tercio are divided into brigades, each with its own commander, all under the Control of a C-in-C.
At the beginning of each turn, units are assigned orders using order cards which define what the units will attempt to do.

The Swedish half of the combined Swedish/Scots army. A 'Squadron' of the very powerful Swedish infantry brigade have advanced onto the hill while rather less awesome mounted Arquebusier and skirmish Musketeers guard the flank. In the background a unit of Polish light horse has rashly advanced too far forward....
We decided to use a combined Swedish and Scots army vs a Polish army.

Swedish C-in-C
Swedish infantry brigade w 2 Squadrons of heavy infantry (pike and muskets)
Swedish cavalry brigade with 1 Unit of mounted Arquebusiers and 1 Skirmishing Musketeer unit
Scots cavalry brigade with 1 Curassier unit
Scots infantry brigade with 2 battalions of heavy infantry (pike and musket/arquebus)
Scots light artillery unit


Polish C-in-C
Polish Elite unit: 1 Winged Hussars lancers
Polish infantry brigade with 3 units of Haiduk Musketeers and 1 unit of close combat halberdiers
Polish heavy cavalry brigade with 2 units of Pancerni lancers
Polish light cavalry brigade with 1 unit of light horse
Polish heavy artillery unit

(Note: there are no polish army lists available yet, at least not in English, so we just made up our own based on our knowledge of the period and extrapolated something that seemed reasonable).
We used about 1000 pts per side, apparently a standard size game for this rules set.

The brave Scots infantry brigade with two battalions supported by some Curassiers.
Since we've only played these rules once before, we picked a straight up fight scenario and simply lined up our troops and went at it.
The rules for commanders are quite extensive with many different traits that individual commanders can have. We forgot a bit of it (and probably failed to fully use our traits, even when we remembered them). Proper use of commanders and the Order cards are really crucial here. Fortunately, the whole thing is expained rather well. At the end of this game I think we had it down reasonably well.

The Polish host advances. The C-in-C himself is in the foreground while the Pancerni and Hussar lancers advance covered by the Haiduk musketeer infantry. Note the order cards.
The Swedish infantry has the best firepower in the entire game, but is not that strong in melee (which is a fair assessment, the units were smaller and had fewer pikemen, but were optimized for maximum firepower).
The Scots infantry is pretty standard for the period with decent firepower and good melee strength.
The Scots had a standard Curassier unit with sword and pistol while the Swedes had a single unit of mounted arquebusiers. Both pretty good units, but not spectacular.

The Polish heavy cavalry is awesome, though. As one of the few armies still using lances in the 17th Century (combined with lots of pistols, etc) they are quite simply the best there is.

The Polish infantry consists almost exclusively of Musketeers. This makes for good firepower, but not so great melee capability. The firepower of the Swedish infantry brigades is still superior, though.

Another view of the Swedish battle line showing both 'Squadrons' of the infantry brigade.
The Swedish/Scots plan was simple: advance the infantry to a good defensive position and use superior firepower to blast anything that moves close enough. The cavalry was strictly a reserve/flank protection force.
The Poles had two wings, one of the few, but really good cavalry with the infantry at the other end.


The Scots infantry open fire at long range, but the Polish lancers just keep trotting forward.
Almost immediately the artillery on both sides opened fire, but to little effect. The Polish heavy artillery did score some hits later in the game, but the Scots light artillery had very little effect.
On the Swedish/Scots right flank, the Polish infantry trudged forward and engaged the Scots in a musketry duel. The Polish superior numbers began to tell almost immediately and the Scots infantry began to back away slowly.
At the same time, however, the Polish cavalry proved very aggressive. An initial advance by the Polish light horse was a mistake as it brought them into musketry range of the Swedish infantry, while still out-of-range of their own arquebuses. The Polish lights were not destroyed, but had to retire and would take some time to recover and return to the fight. Ouch.

An initial assault by Polish Pancerni lancers fail to make any impression on the scots infantry and the Poles fall back behind the Hussars. As it turned out, the Hussars were made of sterner stuff.....
In the background the second Pancerni unit try to attach the Swedish Arquebusiers while under heavy fire from the Swedish infantry brigade on the hill

In the centre, the Polish heavy cavalry moved forward as well. One of the Pancerni lancer units tried to move against the Swedish flank but was bogged down in bad terrain and subjected to surprisingly ineffective shooting while the second pancerni was forced to retire after failing a morale check.

But the Hussars were just behind the Pancerni and charged one of the Scots infantry units.

The Hussars charge! The scots proved no match for these elite troops and the scots wre immediately destroyed. Ouch!
The Hussars proved to be absolutely devastating as they charged and routed the Scots infantry unit and then went on to do the same to the Scots Curassiers. Ouch.
Things were really not looking good for the Swedes and Scots....

The Hussars just keep going after eliminating one of the the Scots infantry battalions. In this Picture they are just about tocharge the Scots Curassiers and will utterly destroy them as well. As some small consolation, the intense fire from the Swedish infantry finally destroys one of the Pancerni units.
And then came the deciding moment. The victorious Hussars had advanced past the flank of one of the Swedish infantry squadrons. If the Hussars were to manage a flank charge, the entire Swedish position would likely collapse. If, on the other hand, the Swedish infantry could react in time, the Hussars would be at a disadvantage when fighting the Swedish pike & shot formation frontally. Real nail-biting moments.... Both sides were aware of the crucial nature of this combat and comitted their respective C-in-Cs.

The climax of the battle. The Hussars have destroyed the Scots Curassiers, and are just about to charge one of the Swedish infantry Squadrons. If the Swedes manage to react, they will be able to pivot and face the ferocious Polish lancers, if not the charge will git the Swedish flank. Very tense moment here.....
The Swedes pass the reaction test and manage to pivot and face the Polish charge. Both the Swedish and the Polish C-in-C join this crucial fight to urge their men on.
As it turned out, the Swedish infantry (which has very good Discipline rating in the game) did manage to react in time and promptly destroyed the polish Hussars, killing the Polish C-in-C in the process. It could easily have gone the other way, though.
Victory! The Swedes roll quite lucky Dice, while the Poles roll abysmal ones (not to mention being tired from the previous two combats). The awesome Hussars meet their match in th eiron discipline of the Swedish infantry. The Hussars are completely destroyed and the Polish C-in-C is killed in the front rank.

With the loss of the Polish C-in-C, the Swedes were suddenly in the lead as in this scenario the C-in-C is Worth a lot of victory points and the Poles are suddenly very close to losing the game....
Final position. The Swedes and Scots win the scenario as the Poles are not able to inflict any more significant damage and the victorious Swedish flank press forward while the surviving Scots hang on with grim determination. It's all to much for the Poles who have taken terrible casualties.
In the following turn, the Poles failed to cause much damage to the Swedes and Scots, which meant that they lost the game as the Swedish victory point total was large enough to bring about the end of the game at that point.

This was a very enjoyable game, and we got to use our beloved 30 years war figs in the different setting in of a large battle rather than a skirmish. The Tercio rules also worked well.
My only tiny grudge is that I am not really that fond of laying the Order cards on the table as it just does not look that good, but as a rules mechanic it actually works quite well.

The movement and the results of the various combats all seemed quite plausible, leadership is very important. And the game did not last overly long, even with allthree of us new to the rules and having to look things up in the rule book quite often.




Saturday, July 23, 2016

Great Northen War, The Army of Jämtland, Swedish Units


The Jämland Dragoons

Time to add a few more units to the rooster. Thus far I have mainly painted and presented Norweigan Units of the 1718 Trondheim Campaign. In a wargame there has to be some kind of opposition. The Swedish army trying to capture Trondheim in 1718 was called "The Army of Jämtland". It consisted of units from northen Sweden and from Finland. The unit above is despite it's name an infantry unit. It was recruited in the Swedish province of Jämtland(This is the Swedish region closest to the theatre of operations near and around Trondheim). The reason why they were called Dragoons, though they lacked horses, is unclear. There may once have been an intetion to give them mounts(sometimes prior to this conflict). The equipment and uniform issued  to this unit is also a bit unclear. I have depicted them with grey coats, though some sources state that they should have been blue in 1718. The miniatures are a mix of Reiver Castings, Ebor and Warfare miniatures.


Åbo County Regiment

This is a Fenno-Swedish unit raised around present day Turku, Finland. The uniform this unit wore in 1718 is indeed a bit odd. Swedish units seldon wore green coats.Green was the most common colour of the main enemy Russia. However one can suspect that towards the end of the Great Northen War one had to used whatever was available, dyes were no exception. The minis are all with one execption from Warfare miniatures. The Sergeant in the background is from Ebor.

Saturday, July 2, 2016

Great Northen War, A Horse drawn sleigh


I have now completed a piece that will be most useful for big skirmish scenarios. The typical wagon train scenario is one of the most common wargaming scenarios out there, and quite fun too. So when putting together snowy terrain, for a frosty winter campaign, one definitly need some transports that can be raided( or defended) during a game. Now ordinary wagons used during the winter tend to bog down. Thus I do need horse sleighs. Now they are not easy to come by. I am not aware of any manufacturer out there that makes 28mm horse drawn sleighs. So if things are hard to find then one have to build things from scratch.



Using wooden spatulas and balsa wood I created a basic Scandinavian style horse drawn sleigh.  The piece was put together using PVA glue. The basic model was then mounted on a piece of MDF.


The driver was created with left over pieces from 28mm hard plastic kits and Green Stuff.


Finally with a bit of paint, winter tufts and snow flock the piece was completed. I might have to create a pieces that will serve as a load(sacks and cradles)

Wednesday, June 29, 2016

Great Northen War, A Winter Bell Tower and some more Norweigan units.

 


It's in the middle of the Summer and I am still working on miniatures and terrain that definitly belongs to another season. As previously mentioned it's all part of my Trondheim Campaign project. Using homebrewed big skirmish style type rules we will refight battles(or rather skirmishes) that took place around Trondheim during the winter of 1718.

I have once more done a bit of scavaging. In a local fleamarket I found a souvenir belltower. It's a perfect model of the kind of belltower one kind find all over the Scandinavian peninsula. These were often used to warn the locals about imminent enemy attacks. A fine piece to recycle for wargaming purposes.

The original souvenir piece

I added some tiles using basic cardboard

Then  a black primer...

Then some paint and snow flock( used Games Workshop Winter flock)

Then we have some more Norweigans. First we have some Nordenfjeldske Dragoons. This is a Dragoon regiment raised in the area around Trondheim.  The Banner used by this unit is quite intricate and not that easy to reproduce. In this case I used a picture that I found in a source book, reproduced it and downsized the picture to suit 28mm miniature. The picture was printed. Then I used model colour to enhance the printed image.


Thee Nordenfjeldske Dragoons

 A close up on the banner

Finally we have some more Infantry. This is the 2nd Trondheim Infantry Regiment. The Trondheim Infantry Regiment started as a single Regiment, but was divided during the Great Northen War into three separate units, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Trondheim Infantry Regiment.

The 2nd Trondheim Infantry Regiment



Tuesday, June 7, 2016

Great Northen War, Winter Cottage and Norweigan Grenadiers


I bought a souvenir house at a flea market. The size was roughly right for 28mm miniatures. So I decided to turn it into. Terrain piece for miniature wargaming. The piece was a bit too tall. Thus I removed the lower part house structure and then I mounted it on a piece of mdf.




The house was turned into a Scandinavan cottage from the early 18th century. Since I felt I needed some more snowy terrain I just GW snow flock to cover the ground and the roof. 

The piece will be used for my latest Great Northen War project - the Trondheim Campaign 1718. 
I also completed a few miniatures to go with the cottage. Below you can see a few Norweigan Grenadiers from the Akerhus regiment. I also competed a Norwegian General...actually probably a Dane or German, most of the Officers I the Norweigan army of the time were either Dane or Germans. The Norweigan army of the Danish-Norweigan kingdom was a separate entity compared with the Danish army, but there were  comparably few Norweigans in the higher echelons of the army.





The miniatures are once more from Reiver Castings and Ebor.